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What is GAD?


Refers to the development perspective and process that is participatory and empowering, equitable, sustainable, free from violence, respectful of human rights, and supportive of self-determination and actualization of human potentials.


Reference: A Handbook on the Application of the Enhanced Gender Mainstreaming Evaluation Framework. (2016). Manila: Philippine Commission on Women.

Why do we need GAD?


    • Seeks to achieve gender equality as a fundamental value that should be reflected in development choices;
    • Seeks to transform society's social, economic, and political structures and questions the validity of the gender roles they ascribed to women and men;
    • Contends that women are active agents of development and not just passive recipients of development assistance; and
    • Stresses the need of women to organize themselves and participate in political processes to strengthen their legal rights


Reference: Philippine Commission on Women's Memorandum Circular No. 2011-01 entitled 'Guidelines for the creation, strengthening, and institutionalization of the Gender and Development (GAD) Focal Point System'

GAD Concepts and SOGIESC (Reference: Sam Killermann (2017)


gad concept the gingerbread person

Gender Sensitivity


  1. The act of being aware of the ways people think about gender, so that individuals rely less on assumptions about traditional and outdated views on the roles of men and women
  2. The ability to recognize issues and problems in the way societies look at gender
  3. Looks at how women act and are treated and the different ways that women understand their roles;
    Includes an understanding of stereotypes and how discrimination and gender roles hurt people, both in the past and still today.

A gender-sensitive program addresses the differential losses of both women and men and seeks to anticipate the balance of power in the interest of community survival.


Reference: A Handbook on the Application of the Enhanced Gender Mainstreaming Evaluation Framework (2016). Manila: Philippine Commission on Women.

Gender Mainstreaming


    1. Gender mainstreaming as the strategy
    2. Major global strategy for ensuring that the government pursues gender equality in all aspects of the development process
    3. Look more comprehensively at the relationships between men and women in their access and control over resources, decision making, and benefits and rewards
    4. Necessitates the transformation of institutional structures, culture and practices



  • United Nations: Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women. (2002). Gender Mainstreaming: An Overview.
  • Innes, M. (Ed.). (2000). Accelerating Change: Resources for Gender Mainstreaming. Quebec: Canadian International Development Agency.
  • A Handbook on the Application of the Enhanced Gender Mainstreaming Evaluation Framework. (2016). Manila: Philippine Commission on Women.

Legal Foundations of GAD


Philippine Constitution, Art. II Sec. 14 - "The state recognizes the role of women in nation-building and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men."

Executive Order No. 348 - approved and adopted the Philippine Development Plan for Women for 1989 to 1992.

Republic Act No. 7192 - mandated all government departments and agencies to review and revise all regulations, circulars, issuances and procedures to remove all gender biases.

Executive Order No. 273 - approved and adopted the Philippine Plan for Gender - Responsive Development from 1995 to 2025.

Republic Act No. 9710 Section 36 states that "all departments and other government instrumentalities shall adopt gender mainstreaming."

Implementing Rules and Regulations of the Magna Carta of Women, Section 37(b) states that "all concerned government agencies and instrumentalities shall establish or strengthen their GAD Focal Point System (GFPS)."

Memorandum Circular No. 2011-01 by the Philippine Commission on Women - provides for the Guidelines for the Creation, Strengthening and Institutionalization of the GFPS.

A Primer on Republic Act No. 9262,  The Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children (Anti-VAWC) Act of 2004 and Barangay Protection Order (BPO)

Human Resource Profile as of December 31, 2019

gad hr profile by sex


gad hr profile by age group


gad hr profile by nature of work

Source: HRMDS, December 2019



Policy Issuances:

  1. PHIVOLCS Administrative Order No. 01, s2016: Mainstreaming Gender and Development into

      PHIVOLCS Programs, Projects and Activities

  1. PHIVOLCS Office Order No. 92, s2016, Creation of the Committee on Decorum and Investigation


  1. Approval of GAD Vision and Mission, 14 October 2019


Certificate of CommendationGAD Certificate of Commendation




Conferment given to Dr. Ma. Leonila Bautista, Associate Scientist detailed at PHIVOLCS as one of the DOST Women Scientists during the 2019 Women’s Month Celebration

gad mlob woman scientist of dost

GAD Seminars and Workshops attended by PHIVOLCS Staff


gad training


gad womens month celebration


gad anti vaw campaign


gad agenda setting


Series of 2021


SUBJECT: Reconstitution of PHIVOLCS Gender and Development Focal Point System (GFPS)


In the interest of service and in view of the assumption into office of the Director III, pursuant to R.A. 9170, its IRR and Memorandum Circular 2011-01 of the Philippine Commission on Women, providing guidance for the creation, strengthening, and institutionalization of the GFPS, the committee is hereby reconstituted with the following members:


GFPS Executive Committee


Teresito C. Bacolcol

Officer-in-Charge, PHIVOLCS


Alternate Chairperson

Angela G. Montes
Administrative Officer V




Marilou V. Del Rosario




Ma. Mylene M. Villegas
Chief Science Research Specialist



Kathleen L. Papiona
Senior Research Specialist



Ishmael C. Narag



Ma. Antonia V. Bornas
Chief Science Research Specialist


GFPS Technical Working Group (TWG) / Secretariat:

Chairperson Raymond Patrick R. Maximo

Science Research Specialist II




                         Permanent Representatives                     Alternate Representatives


FAD                 Richel B. De Mesa                                  Ramona D. Labao
                         Planning Officer IV                                Administrative Officer IV


GDAPD           Dianne D. Bumatang                              Lyca Marie A. Tungcul
                         Computer File Librarian II                     Science Research Specialist I


GGRDD          Raymond Patrick R. Maximo                 Marie Rose Sd. Bautista
                        Science Research Specialist II                Science Aide


SOEPD           Myleen C. Enriquez                                Maila P. Advincula
                        Science Research Specialist II                Science Research Assistant


VMEPD          Christian Joseph M. Clarito                    Nerissa V. Sena
                        Science Research Specialist II                Science Aide


Secretariat       Genicka Mae Dg. Paguiligan
                        Administrative Aide VI



In order to achieve full and equal access to and participation in science for women and girls, and further achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls, the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/70/212 declaring 11 February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science (IDWGS).

In observance of the IDWGS, PHIVOLCS together with the Department of Science and Technology, we would like to share with you this photo mosaic of all women in PHIVOLCS. Most of these photos were taken while on field work, seminar/lectures, disaster simulation, and consultation with partners and stakeholders. This photo mosaic is in honor of the Women of PHIVOLCS who dedicated their time and efforts in doing science for the people and for our nation.

Each of the tile represents a photo of one of our scientists in action, click on the individual tile to reveal the big picture. Enjoy.



Contact Information:


Human Resource Management and Development Section, Finance and Administrative Division

84261468 to 79 local 104

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