Philippine Standard Time

00 volcano icon for bulletin In the past 24-hour period, the Taal Volcano Network recorded fifty-five (55) volcanic earthquakes, including forty-nine (49) episodes of volcanic tremor having durations of one (1) to two and a half (2.5) minutes. At 2:11 PM yesterday, a short-lived 400-500 meter-tall white plume was generated by a burst of steam-rich gas from the Main Crater that lasted 2.5 minutes based on seismic records. Activity at the Main Crater for the rest of the day consisted of weak emission of steam-laden plumes that rose 50 meters high from active fumaroles on the northern and eastern walls. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission yesterday, 12 March 2021, averaged 582 tonnes/day prior to the gas burst event. Temperature highs of 71.8°C and pH of 1.59 were last measured from the Main Crater Lake respectively on 04 March and 12 February 2021. Ground deformation parameters from electronic tilt, continuous GPS and InSAR data analysis indicated a very slow and steady inflation and expansion of the Taal region since after the January 2020 eruption. These parameters may indicate increased magmatic activity at shallow depths beneath the edifice.


Alert Level 2 (Increased Unrest) is maintained over Taal Volcano. DOST-PHIVOLCS reminds the public that at Alert Level 2, sudden steam-driven or phreatic explosions, volcanic earthquakes, minor ashfall, and lethal accumulations or expulsions of volcanic gas can occur and threaten areas within the Taal Volcano Island (TVI). DOST-PHIVOLCS strongly recommends that entry into TVI, Taal’s Permanent Danger Zone or PDZ, especially the vicinities of the Main Crater and the Daang Kastila fissure, must remain strictly prohibited. Local government units are advised to continuously assess and strengthen the preparedness of previously evacuated barangays around Taal Lake in case of renewed unrest. Civil aviation authorities must advise pilots to avoid flying close to the volcano as airborne ash and ballistic fragments from sudden explosions and wind-remobilized ash may pose hazards to aircraft. DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring Taal Volcano’s activity and any new significant development will be immediately communicated to all stakeholders.